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Improved cardiovascular health protects us from illnesses
If we follow a healthy lifestyle in middle age, this significantly improves our cardiovascular health. The longer you stick to a healthy lifestyle, the more you reduce the risk of developing various diseases later in life.
The latest study by the Boston University School of Medicine found that a healthy lifestyle and improved cardiovascular health can reduce our risk of serious illnesses. The results of the study were published in the English language journal "JAMA Cardiology".
How can we protect ourselves from diseases?
The longer people stop smoking, eat healthy, exercise regularly, monitor healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels and maintain normal body weight, the less likely they are to develop diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease in early adulthood. and develop cardiovascular diseases. The risk of premature death is also reduced.
Cardiovascular diseases leading cause of death in Germany
According to the Robert Koch Institute, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Germany. About 40 percent of all deaths are due to these diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are also associated with considerable individual consequences and cause high social costs of illness.
Influential risk factors for cardiovascular diseases
The main risk factors that can be influenced for cardiovascular diseases are cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, fat metabolism disorders and obesity, as well as health-impairing behaviors such as smoking, physical inactivity and unhealthy nutrition. These risk factors can be influenced by health-conscious behavior and drug therapies and open up great potential for prevention of cardiovascular diseases, the Robert Koch Institute continues.
The effects of lifestyle maintenance were examined for the first time
While unhealthy lifestyle habits have clearly been linked to a higher risk of certain diseases and deaths from previous studies, the relationship between the duration of maintaining a healthy lifestyle and the risk of illness and death has so far been insufficiently examined.
Participants were medically monitored for 16 years
Using the data from the so-called Framingham Heart Study (FHS), researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine monitored the participants over a period of around 16 years. They were particularly interested in the development of diseases and the risk of premature death.
Effects of five years of optimal cardiovascular health
The risk of high blood pressure was reduced by 33 percent for every five-year period in which the participants had average or ideal cardiovascular health. This was associated with a 25 percent lower risk of diabetes, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. In addition, these people were 14 percent less likely to die prematurely compared to people with poor cardiovascular health.
Promote healthy behaviors at every stage of life
The results of the study show that a longer period with better cardiovascular health in adulthood can be potentially beneficial, regardless of age, the researchers report. The results underline the importance of promoting healthy behavior throughout the life cycle.
Motivate people to a healthy lifestyle
It is to be hoped that the results of this study will help people understand the importance of ideal cardiovascular health early in life and thereby motivate them to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This would help reduce morbidity and mortality related to diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease. (as)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
- PhD Laura Corlin, PhD Meghan I. Short, MD Ramachandran S. Vasan, PhD Vanessa Xanthakis: Association of the Duration of Ideal Cardiovascular Health Through Adulthood With Cardiometabolic Outcomes and Mortality in the Framingham Offspring Study, in JAMA Cardiology (Published 03/11/2020) , JAMA Cardiology
- Cardiovascular diseases, Robert Koch Institute, RKI