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Ten nutrition tips for rheumatism patients
Hundreds of thousands of people in Germany suffer from rheumatism. Affected people often get well-intentioned advice on nutrition. But what recommendations can really help patients? The German Rheumatism League has summarized ten important nutrition tips for people affected by rheumatism.
Several hundred diseases are summarized under the generic term "rheumatism". According to experts, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory joint disease. Around 550,000 Germans are affected. Among other things, it is important for the patient how they eat. The German Rheumatism League has summarized ten tips for nutrition with rheumatism in a message.
Pay attention to a wholesome diet
"In addition to drug, physical and surgical therapy, nutrition can be an important additional measure in the treatment of diseases from the rheumatic type," writes the German Nutrition Society (DGE) in a specialist information.
Rheumatism sufferers should pay attention to a wholesome diet, as recommended by the DGE, explains the German Rheumatism League on its website. Then the body normally has enough nutrients, vitamins, antioxidants and trace elements available. This is an important prerequisite for having energy to fight the disease.
Some tips that the experts have summarized in a current report can help:
1. Eat a little red meat
“Red” meat (such as pork, beef and lamb) contains a relatively high amount of arachidonic acid, which increases inflammation. However, there is no need to completely do without red meat - also because it is a good source of iron. One meat meal per week should be enough.
2. Often fish and seafood on the table
Fish is a good source of protein and fat sea fish also provides valuable fish oils. In clinical trials, a diet high in sea fish (800 grams of fish per week) has resulted in slight improvements in the number of swollen joints and general pain intensity.
3. Put on vegetable oils
Butter and lard contain arachidonic acid, which additionally ignites the inflammation. Vegetable fats and oils with a high linoleic acid content such as safflower oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil or wheat germ oil should therefore be used for roasting. Linoleic acid can inhibit inflammation.
4. Lots of vegetables and fruits
Vegetables provide us with plenty of nutrients, fiber and secondary plant substances and, according to the DGE, contribute to satiety. Vegetables should make up the largest proportion of the menu. Fresh or frozen vegetables provide plenty of vitamins and fiber. Broccoli, kale and spinach are also very good sources of calcium. The DGE recommends at least 400 grams of vegetables (approximately three servings) and 250 grams of fruit (approximately two servings) a day.
5. Pay attention to whole grain products
According to the DGE, wholegrain food saturates longer and contains more nutrients than white flour products. Dietary fiber lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, fat metabolism disorders, colon cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
6. Snack on nuts more often
Snack on nuts more often. These contain a lot of linoleic acid - but be careful, they also provide plenty of energy and can favor obesity.
7. Dairy products provide calcium
Many experts recommend low-fat dairy products such as milk, yoghurt and cheese. Cheese in particular is a good source of calcium - important for the prevention of osteoporosis.
8. Consciously enjoy eggs
Chicken egg yolk also contains arachidonic acid. Rheumatism sufferers do not have to do without eggs entirely, but should carefully include them in their menu and also think of “hidden” eggs in finished products, baked goods, etc.
9. Drink enough
It is recommended to drink around 1.5 liters a day, preferably water or unsweetened tea. Sugar-sweetened and alcoholic beverages are not recommended.
10. Prepare the food yourself
Ready meals often contain plenty of salt, saturated fatty acids, meat concentrate, hidden sugar and eggs. It is therefore advisable to prepare the food yourself using fresh ingredients.
But despite all the good recommendations: “Nutrition is only one element of rheumatism therapy. No diet, however sophisticated, can replace medicinal or surgical treatment, ”writes the German Rheumatism League. (ad)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.