Warning of dangerous antibiotic-resistant pathogens

CDC lists dangerous antibiotic-resistant pathogens

So-called super-pathogens, which are resistant to antibiotics, seem to have killed almost twice as many people in the US alone as was previously thought. In recent years, new forms of such life-threatening pathogens have been identified time and time again.

A new report from the United States Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that antibiotic-resistant pathogens are more likely to kill infected people than expected. Despite measures to combat it, there are always new strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. A list of these bacteria was compiled in the report, listing them according to the extent of the risk.

At least 12,800 deaths from Clostridioides difficile in 2017

The pathogen named Clostridioides difficile alone caused almost a quarter of a million hospitalizations and at least 12,800 deaths in the United States in 2017. It is one of five antibiotic-resistant pathogens that the CDC has classified as particularly threatening. Clostridioides difficile is an anaerobic, gram-positive, endospore-forming rod bacterium and is one of the most common hospital germs.

Unknown antibiotic-resistant pathogens keep appearing

Two of the particularly threatening antibiotic-resistant pathogens were only added to the list in 2013 and a fungus called Candida auris was also recorded, which the CDC did not even classify as a hazard five years ago. Further research is urgently needed to identify potential resistant pathogens more quickly through new forms of diagnosis, and we need new drugs to ensure successful treatment, the researchers conclude.

Improved prevention and treatment needed

This could help to provide better treatment to people suffering from antibiotic-resistant pathogens or to take preventive measures that can completely prevent infection. The CDC report highlights the continuing threat of antibiotic resistance.

Do not use antibiotics for flu or cold

The excessive use of antibiotics around the world has helped these resistant bacteria to form. Especially at the time of the upcoming cold and flu season, we should be aware that antibiotics should not be used to treat infections caused by viruses like colds.

Improved protective measures are needed

Special measures to prevent and control infections try to reduce the number of infections and deaths caused by antibiotic-resistant germs. Nevertheless, the number of people facing antibiotic resistance in the event of a disease is still far too high. Therefore, further measures are urgently needed to protect people from antibiotic-resistant pathogens.

Dangers from an increase in resistant infections

The CDC is concerned about the increase in treatment-resistant infections that are putting more and more people at risk. Such resistant pathogens can spread easily and make it extremely difficult to contain an outbreak, warns the health authority.

Report includes 18 dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria and fungi

The report lists 18 bacteria and fungi in three categories, depending on the level of risk to human health. The categories included urgent, serious, and questionable. In addition, three pathogens are listed, which are currently not a real threat, but which could spread over time without the appropriate treatment and containment. (as)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Video: Basic Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance and Gene Spread by Marilyn Roberts, PhD (January 2022).