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Proven home remedies for self-treatment of corns
Corns are pressure marks on the feet, about five to ten millimeters in size and mostly develop as a result of wearing the wrong footwear. Shoes that squeeze, constrict and do not give the foot a chance to breathe cause the skin to appear. The skin reacts to the stimulus with cornea formation. This can be quite uncomfortable and painful because the cornea grows down like a tip. A variety of natural home remedies are known for the treatment of cornification, which can quickly alleviate the symptoms.
Corns - a strange name
The corn eye is so named because the painful area bears a lot of resemblance to a bird eye, also called a crow's or magpie eye. The term corpse also exists. This term targets the dead tissue that forms in a corn. In the medical jargon, the word clavus (lat. Nail) is used.
A corn can be treated with various home remedies such as onions, lemons or tea tree oil. (Image: leszekglasner / fotolia.com)
First aid for corns: onion wrapping and chamomile bath
There are a variety of home remedies available to tackle corns naturally. The onion is the first to be mentioned here. This is mashed, mixed with a little lemon juice and salt, then applied to the area and covered with a gauze bandage. The whole thing has to take effect overnight and is repeated for about eight days. Then the pressure point should be softened so that it can be removed easily.
A chamomile tea bath has proven itself many times because it softens the cornea and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Soak the affected foot in freshly made tea for at least a quarter of an hour. If there are yellowish spots on the skin, there is no need to worry. The discoloration from the medicinal plant can then be easily washed off with soap and water.
Aspirin softens the firm skin
A well-known home remedy for corns is aspirin. For this purpose, up to five tablets are crushed and stirred into a pulp with a little water, applied to the cornification and covered. The salicylic acid contained in aspirin is said to soften the firm skin areas so that they can be easily removed. Salicylic acid is also found in most over-the-counter corns. If aspirin or a corresponding product is used, the skin must be protected with a little fatty ointment around the affected area.
Fight corns with raisins and garlic
Raisins taste sweet and usually belong in the muesli or in the cake. Cut through and placed on the affected area, the raisin is also justified for corns. It is fastened with a plaster, stays there overnight and is renewed the next day. Dabbing with lemon juice and / or salt brine and laying on cloves of garlic, which are fixed with plaster or gauze bandage, have proven useful for hornification on the foot.
Effective tinctures against cornification
Dabbing in the evening with a small drop of tea tree oil or some propolis tincture is worth trying to get around the corn. Both Swedish herbs in liquid form according to Maria Treben's recipe and celandine tincture can be used for daily rubbing of the cornification. This is best done in the evening and the affected areas are covered afterwards. Important: The celandine tincture must not be used for internal use, but only for external use.
Almond oil and aloe vera for external treatment
Daily rubbing with olive or almond oil should soften the pressure point so that it can be removed more easily with a pumice stone. Soaked curd soap has a similar effect.
Aloe vera is a natural remedy with various uses, both internally and externally. The best help is a fresh piece of the aloe plant, the gel of which is applied to the corn. This should be repeated twice a day. If no plant is at hand, it can of course also be used with a high-quality aloe vera skin gel.
Compress with houseleek helps overnight
Houseleek (Sempervivum) from the family of thick leaf plants is a tried and tested home remedy for pressure points on the foot. For an effective cure, the fleshy leaves of the plant are crushed in a juicer to extract the juice. This is then dripped onto the horny area of the skin.
In addition, one of the processed sheets comes on and is fixed there with a gauze bandage on the toe. The compress with houseleek works best if it is left on overnight. The next morning, the corn can usually be easily removed.
Homeopathic remedies for corns
In the area of homeopathy, an unpleasant cornification on the foot is one of the options Calendumed ointment on. The contained active ingredient calendula (calendula) relieves pain and feelings of tension, softens the cornea and promotes wound healing. Accordingly, the preparation is also well suited for the treatment of wounds, frostbite or light burns and can be used, for example, as a home remedy for sunburn. The corns can cause severe pain, burning skin and / or itching Antimonium crudum help.
Important: avoid injuries
The pharmacy or well-stocked drugstores have various plasters ready to stick on the corns to “melt them down”. Danger: Many of these products contain a lot of salicylic acid, which can lead to skin problems and irritation. The patches should therefore only be used in the case of severe pain.
Regardless of which home remedy is used, under no circumstances should objects (such as knives or razor blades) be used that can injure the skin. Because a harmless corn can develop into a wound that needs treatment. Gentle removal with a pumice stone is possible. However, if everything does not help, a doctor or podiatrist should be consulted.
Causes of cornification disorders
Corns develop in places with a lot of friction and / or pressure, often triggered by poorly fitting shoes. The affected areas are often in the area of the toes and on the sole of the foot. Such a pressure point occurs extremely rarely on the fingers. One example is the middle finger, on which excessive horn writing can form.
Another possible cause is hallux valgus. This is a deformity of the big toe, which is characterized by a bulge in the area of the toe ball. This usually arises from years of wearing shoes that are too tight and too high. Corns also appear more frequently in the case of malpositions such as spreading feet or kinked feet.
Dry skin favors the formation of calluses. A genetic predisposition, metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, circulatory disorders and radiation therapy in cancer patients are further possible triggers for the development of pressure points.
What causes the pain
Corn is more likely to form in the corn, which is actually a protective mechanism to protect the body from the unusual pressure. This cornea grows deep like a tip, penetrates into deeper layers of the skin and meets nerve endings, which can be very painful. Running in shoes is particularly painful.
Due to the persistent stimulus, the area can change inflammably, combined with redness and pus formation. Diabetics in particular, who experience less pain, often only notice this pressure point in an advanced state when an ulcer (ulcer) or an unnatural passage between organs or between the body surface and organ (fistula) has already formed.
Different types of calluses
Different types of calluses are differentiated in medicine. For example, there is a soft (Clavus mollis) and a hard corn (Clavus durus). These two variants differed by the soft or the hard corneal core. A Clavus subungualis is a corn under the nail, a Clavus neurovasculare is very painful because it is riddled with nerves.
The Clavus neurofibrosum is very large, that Papillary clavus has a white border and there is fluid under the corneal layer. This is a particular corn Clavus miliaristhat does not go deep, has a round shape and occurs in places that are not exposed to pressure. The term "pseudo corn" is often used here.
Difference corn eye - wart
Corns are often not immediately distinguishable from warts at first glance. While the former occur in places where there is pressure and friction, warts are mainly caused by viruses. Another difference is that corns have a corneal wedge, which is not the case with warts.
Prevention of corns
Proper footwear is essential for prevention. Shoes shouldn't be too tight or too wide, relatively flat and breathable. Many people pay too little attention to their feet. They have to do a lot of work every day.
Regular removal of cornea with a pumice stone, daily washing and creaming, thorough drying, daily changing of socks and stockings is good for the feet and can prevent or reduce the build-up of calluses in many cases. Running barefoot regularly is a very special treat for the feet.
Never reach for the knife
If the keratinized area is very stubborn and cannot be removed with home remedies, you should never use a knife yourself. Now it's time to see a podiatrist or doctor. Here, the skin is first softened with a soothing foot bath. The first layers of skin can then be removed with a suitable instrument.
Hydrogen peroxide is used to remove the corneal spine. This can then be removed using the scalpel. To ensure that the skin is still somewhat protected in this area, a foam ring is attached around the affected area and additional foam inserts for the shoes may be recommended. A particularly deep-seated corn is usually surgically removed.
Even if the corn has been successfully treated, you still have to think about the reason for it. Triggers should be avoided from now on.
Warning: treat corns in children with caution
Special care is required in children due to the still sensitive skin. Agents containing salicylic acid should not be used. Not all of the home remedies mentioned are suitable for children either: tea tree oil, celandine tincture, aspirin and Swedish herbs should not be used in small children. All other remedies are tried out only in small quantities and very carefully. In the event of skin irritation, a doctor should be consulted immediately.
Corns from a holistic perspective
From a holistic perspective of naturopathy, a corn is not just a pressure point, but a sign that some organ or place in the body needs help. For example, if the spot is above, above the nail on the big toe, this is an indication for a therapist who is involved in foot reflexology that there is a weak point in the head. This in turn can mean that the person affected often has a headache or is constantly occupied with brooding. Here the corn is not only treated externally with home remedies, but holistically. (sw, nr)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
Editor Heilpraxis.de, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch
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- Pschyrembel editorial office of the publisher (ed.,), Willibald Pschyrembel: Pschyrembel clinical dictionary, De Gruyter, 2017
- Ute Baumgärtner, Brigitte Merk, Annegret Sonn: "Wraps and pads (nursing practice)", Thieme, 2014