Low blood pressure - hypotension: causes, symptoms and home remedies

Low blood pressure - low blood pressure

Low blood pressure - women, especially young girls in puberty, suffer from it. Often, if there are no other symptoms of hypotension, this can be eliminated with simple means. Many women come to terms with their low blood pressure and know how to deal with it. Values ​​below 100/60 mmHg should be checked with a doctor and are considered too low.

Especially at high temperatures, high humidity or generally when the weather changes, many people suffer from hypotension. In contrast to hypertension (high blood pressure), which is a risk to the body, low blood pressure alone is mostly harmless, unless it occurs in connection with serious illnesses. In principle, low values ​​are not a disease. However, if symptoms such as dizziness, blackening in front of the eyes or brief fainting are added, the cause must be investigated by a doctor.


In medicine, hypotension is used when there are long-term low blood pressure values ​​that are below 100/60 mmHg in women (systolic / diastolic value in millimeters of mercury) and below 110/60 mmHg in men. The phenomenon is therefore not a disease, but a measurement. This does not have to be treated compulsorily, except in the case of symptoms that occur at the same time and are triggered by poor circulation in the peripheral organs. Many people live with existing low blood pressure values ​​without the need for therapy.


The causes are numerous factors, which can range from a lack of fluids to genetic predisposition to chronic diseases of the metabolism or heart. Organic causes should definitely be excluded in the course of the diagnosis.

Genetic factors are often the reason for low blood pressure. For example, the mother passes this disposition on to her daughter. In general, puberty is often associated with vertigo attacks due to low blood pressure for many girls, especially if they are very slim and grow fast. But pregnant women and older, gaunt people also tend to hypotension. A lack of physical activity and fresh air as well as insufficient fluid intake intensify the symptom.

Various diseases can occur in connection. These include diseases of the heart, vessels, thyroid dysfunction, diabetes mellitus and acute infections. Long bedriddenness and hypovolemia (lack of fluids), but also hyponatremia (loss of salt) can lead to hypotension.

Different forms of hypotension

There are three different types of low blood pressure:

Essential Hypotension This is low blood pressure with no apparent cause. Essential hypotension is common, especially in young women. This form alone is not a disease.

Symptomatic hypotension In symptomatic hypotension, it is to be regarded as a symptom of a serious underlying illness. Diseases such as heart failure, adrenal insufficiency, aortic stenosis, hypovolemia usually accompany low blood pressure. Prolonged bedriddenness or the use of various medications, such as diuretics (diuretics), psychotropic drugs (medicines for mental illness) or antihypertensives (hypertension drugs) often result in the symptomatic form.

Orthostatic dysregulation A sudden change of position from lying to standing can lead to a drop in blood pressure. This is called orthostatic dysregulation. This is often the case in adolescent girls, but also in older patients. Geriatric patients with existing arteriosclerosis and decreasing elasticity of the vessels have to struggle with the problems of low blood pressure caused by a rapid change of position. In some cases, this is made worse by taking certain medications, such as high blood pressure, among the elderly.

Autonomic nervous system disorders, such as may occur in diabetes mellitus, nerve cell damage in the brain and varicose veins also sometimes lead to orthostatic dysregulation.


Those affected often complain of poor performance and concentration, tiredness and dizziness. In addition, patients with low blood pressure often go black when they get up or have to stand for a long time. The symptoms also include occasional brief loss of consciousness, depression, paleness of the face, shivering, stinging in the area of ​​the heart or chest pain.

However, low values ​​do not necessarily have to appear through health problems. Many affected patients live well with their hypotension, completely without conventional medicine or herbal medication.

Diagnosis of low blood pressure

In order to make the confirmed diagnosis, the blood pressure must be measured repeatedly, on both arms and at different times of the day, preferably over a longer period of time. The Schellong test is also useful for diagnosis. The patient must first lie on his back for ten minutes. The resting heart rate and blood pressure are noted. Then the patients get up quickly and stay there for ten minutes. The pulse and blood pressure are checked and noted every minute. The patient can then lie down again and both are measured until the initial values ​​are reached again.

Conventional therapy

If there is an underlying disease, this is treated. Essential hypotension, for which low values ​​have no recognizable cause, is only treated in severe cases with drugs such as dihydroergotamine or sympathomimetics.

Since the essential form is usually not serious, the patient should be informed about it. This can often be remedied by suitable physical applications. For example, measures such as regular Kneipp casts or sports are used to train the circulation and stabilize it. In existing varicose veins, the blood in the legs is prevented from sinking by wearing compression stockings.

Naturopathy therapy

Low blood pressure generally responds quite well to naturopathy. In the foreground is a general toning of the whole body.

Many sufferers are simply afraid that they may feel dizzy. Just knowing that you have a suitable product with you often helps to get over it. Natural remedies, such as rosemary essential oil, which are inhaled when needed, are a good help. Mixed preparations containing hawthorn and camphor are also a suitable emergency means for at home and on the go.

In naturopathy, so-called rejection procedures are often used for low blood pressure. These help the body to release accumulated toxins and waste products. Methods such as dry cupping are used. In this procedure, cupping glasses are applied to certain parts of the body, often the back. The glasses are sucked in by the resulting vacuum. This causes a general blood circulation, an increased lymph flow and a strengthening of the vegetative.

Homeopathy also has various remedies that can help with hypotension. A detailed medical history should help to determine the correct individual remedy. Examples include Pulsatilla, Sepia, Calcium carbonicum, Gelsemium, Veratrum album and Lachesis. Complex means, i.e. middle compositions, can also lead to the desired success.

Proven home remedies and self-help for hypotension

If people suffer from recurrent low blood pressure, a certain “stimulating” lifestyle is recommended. This includes daily changing showers, a brush massage with a loofah glove, a healthy breakfast with a cup of black or green tea. Regular circulatory training through brisk walking or jogging should be integrated into everyday life. The measures mentioned will not work overnight. However, the regularity and consistency definitely pay off here.

Affected people should get used to not getting up too quickly from lying down. It is recommended that you sit up for a while, circle with your feet or move your toes, and then slowly rise.

Standing up helps to activate the muscles by rocking the balls of the feet or clawing and stretching the toes. Incidentally, the latter can be carried out anywhere without anyone noticing. This is particularly helpful when standing for a longer time, for example at the supermarket checkout or at the butcher, cannot be prevented. Crossing the legs is also a good helpful method.

Mother Nature has many plants ready that can stimulate and strengthen the circulation. These include rosemary, hawthorn, ginseng, wormwood and gentian. Rosemary as an essential oil, when used in an aroma lamp, can stimulate the circulation. Important: Rosemary should therefore never be evaporated in the presence of a high blood pressure patient.

Negative stress first increases blood pressure. However, if permanent stress arises, this can lead to a drop in blood pressure. Here life needs a different input. The way of life should be reconsidered, negative thinking should be converted into positive thinking and regular relaxation should be ensured. Relaxation exercises such as autogenic training or meditation can be helpful here. Even better are stress-relieving techniques, such as Tai Chi or Quigong, which involve physical exercise.

Proper nutrition for low blood pressure

A promising treatment always includes nutrition. Heavy meals put a strain on the organism, so it is important to eat light and drink plenty of fluids. So the daily drinking should not fall below the limit of two liters, and best in the form of still water. A wholesome diet with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits is recommended. Seasoning must also be mentioned, as spiced foods can have a positive effect on the circulation.

Spicy things like chilli or ginger get the circulation going. Traditional Chinese medicine describes low blood pressure with an empty state, in which the body should be toned with suitable foods. Breakfast is a cereal porridge made from rice, oats and polenta, cooked together with figs, nuts, dates and raisins and seasoned with cloves and / or cinnamon. A little honey not only sweetenes the whole thing, but also contributes to the general toning. In traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture is also often used today for low blood pressure.

Stimulate the circulation

Pastor Kneipp looked after people with low blood pressure. Alternating showers, Kneipp casts of the legs and arms were the means of choice at the time and are still used successfully today. The day should not start with a jerk out of bed but slowly. Cycling with your legs lying down is a good start in the morning. After a careful erection, a glass of water is ideally drunk on the bed, which should help the circulation to get going.

If you tend to have low blood pressure, regular exercise in the fresh air and endurance sports such as jogging, hiking, swimming or cycling should be integrated into everyday life. A holiday in a stimulating climate, for example on the North Sea, can also support the circulation.

Hypotension generally does not pose a risk to the organism. However, if the quality of life is severely reduced, a doctor or alternative practitioner should be consulted. (sw)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Susanne Waschke, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch


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ICD codes for this disease: I95ICD codes are internationally valid encodings for medical diagnoses. You can find e.g. in doctor's letters or on disability certificates.

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