Kidney


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The pair of kidneys is approximately at the level of the lower ribs. The organ performs many important functions in the body, such as detoxification, balancing the fluid and electrolyte balance, the production of hormones and enzymes, and regulating the acid-base balance. The kidneys are also involved in regulating blood pressure and the formation of red blood cells.

The kidneys filter the blood by making certain cells of the kidney cortex (glomeruli) permeable to various blood components. Sugar and ureas, electrolytes and water pass through the vessel walls and form what is known as the primary urine. This is collected in the kidney tubules. Components and liquids that can be used for the body are returned to the organism. Residues accumulate here as a concentrate and are ultimately excreted as urine. (vb)

Kidney

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(Photo 1: Crystal light / fotolia.com)

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