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Regular breakfast reduces the risk of diabetes

Regular breakfast reduces the risk of diabetes


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Refraining from breakfast increases the risk of type 2 diabetes

Around one in five Germans do not eat breakfast in the morning. This can harm your health. A scientific study has now shown that people who miss the morning meal are at significantly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Every fifth German does not eat anything in the morning

Breakfast: yes or no? Many Germans answer this question clearly with "no". According to experts, around 20 percent of Germans do without the morning meal. In the age group of 18-29 years, about every second person does this. Regular breakfast has various health benefits. Among other things, it can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, as has now been shown in a study.

Health benefits from regular breakfast

A regular breakfast is especially important for children. Among other things, it protects the little ones from being overweight, increases concentration and performance and thus improves grades in school.

However, adults should also eat something in the morning, because refraining from breakfast is a health hazard, as Spanish scientists reported.

They found that people who eat very little or nothing in the morning have a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

But that's not all: A scientific evaluation at the German Diabetes Center (DDZ) has now shown that men and women who do not eat breakfast in adulthood have a 33 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes .

The researchers' results were published in the Journal of Nutrition.

Risk factor for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes

As the DDZ wrote in a statement, epidemiological studies have shown that not eating breakfast is associated with a risk of type 2 diabetes.

However, it has never been proven in what context this is related to obesity.

Obesity is an important risk factor for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes.

According to the information, it could be shown that obese people do not eat breakfast more often than normal people.

In addition, the waiver of breakfast with an increase in weight is discussed.

The connection is partly due to the influence of overweight

The research team around Dr. Sabrina Schlesinger, head of the Junior Research Group Systematic Reviews at the DDZ, compared men and women in six long-term studies taking into account the Body Mass Index (BMI).

As stated in the communication, the results of the study show a dose-response relationship, i.e. the risk of diabetes increased as the number of days without breakfast increased.

The greatest risk was observed for waiving breakfast for four to five days a week. No further increase in risk was determined from the 5th day in a row on the absence of breakfast.

“This connection is partly due to the influence of being overweight. Even after taking the BMI into account, waiving breakfast was associated with an increased risk of diabetes, ”said Dr. Sabrina Schlesinger.

Nutritionist recommends regular and balanced breakfast

In their meta-analysis, the team of scientists summarized the data from six different international observational studies.

In total, data from 96,175 participants, including 4,935 who developed type 2 diabetes during the course of the study, were evaluated.

One explanation for the connection between not having breakfast and the risk of type 2 diabetes could be a healthy lifestyle per se.

Subjects who do not eat breakfast could generally have a poorer diet, for example due to the consumption of calorie snacks and drinks, be less physically active, or smoke more.

However, these factors were taken into account in the evaluation, so that the observed relationship could be explained by other factors.

"Further studies are needed which, in addition to elucidating the mechanisms, also investigate the influence of the composition of breakfast on the risk of diabetes," concludes Dr. Sabrina Schlesinger.

"Basically, a regular and balanced breakfast is recommended for everyone - with and without diabetes", emphasizes the nutritionist. (ad)

Author and source information


Video: Gestational Diabetes Blood Sugar Levels High In Morning (May 2022).