Inflammation of the gums can lead to cardiovascular diseases

Inflammation of the gums can lead to cardiovascular diseases

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Oral health: Periodontitis can promote heart disease

According to health experts, about three out of four adults suffer from periodontitis during their lifetime. Inflammation of the tooth support system has a direct impact on general health and can, among other things, promote heart disease. Proper gum inflammation can be prevented with the right care.

Inflammation of the tooth structure

According to experts, about eleven to twelve million people in Germany suffer from periodontitis. Typical symptoms that can occur with the disease include bleeding gums, sensitive tooth necks, toothache, bad breath and loose teeth. However, the chronic inflammation of the tooth structure not only damages the teeth, but according to doctors, it can also promote life-threatening diseases. To prevent this, care should be taken to ensure proper oral hygiene.

Periodontitis and diabetes

Periodontitis should always be prevented. Because the inflammation foci in the gums can get germs into the bloodstream and thus, among other things, favor cardiovascular diseases.

Diabetics are particularly at risk. Health experts say diabetes and periodontitis are a dangerous combination.

Prof. Dirk Ziebolz, senior physician at the Polyclinic for Tooth Conservation and Periodontology at the University Clinic Leipzig explains why this is the case.

Increased risk of coronary heart disease

"If a person with diabetes is not well medicated, this can have considerable consequences for the teeth and gums," said Prof. Ziebolz.

“Because tooth decay and severe periodontitis can occur. On the other hand, periodontitis also has a direct impact on general health, ”warns the expert.

"For example, this inflammatory disease of the tooth bed complicates the quality of adjustment of diabetes patients and increases their risk of secondary illness, such as Kidney diseases as well as diseases of the cardiovascular system. And what is particularly precarious is that periodontitis can even increase the risk of coronary heart disease. ”

In this context, the following is important: "The interactions between oral health and general diseases also include that, in the case of periodontitis, various bacteria can get into the bloodstream and then cause inflammatory reactions in the heart, for example," says Prof. Ziebolz.

Brush teeth twice a day

To prevent this, care should be taken to ensure proper oral hygiene. Nothing is as good as regular brushing.

But what is part of proper dental care? Is it better to clean manually or electrically? Which toothpaste is recommended? Do dental care chewing gums bring anything? Experts have some useful tips.

Dentists advise brushing your teeth at least twice a day. Best after breakfast and especially after dinner. According to experts, dental care is much more important in the evening than the next morning.

How long you should brush depends on factors such as the number of teeth in your mouth, your own skill, the brushing technique and the aids used. The optimal cleaning time is usually given as two to five minutes.

Until recently, experts assumed that after a meal with acidic or sugar-containing foods, you should wait half an hour before brushing your teeth because the acid would release minerals from the tooth enamel and brushing would make the process even worse - tooth enamel would be cleaned away .

However, dentists are now critically discussing this recommendation because the benefits of cleaning immediately after eating seem to outweigh the possible disadvantages.

Clean the interdental spaces properly

It should be borne in mind that the toothbrush only catches about 70 percent of the dirt deposits - the rest sits between the teeth. Therefore, you should properly clean the interdental spaces at least once a day.

Dental floss is best suited for this. However, you have to be careful not to injure your gums. Toothsticks, toothsticks or interdental brushes are also suitable as alternatives.

Mouthwashes also clean interdental spaces. To check your own cleaning success, you can occasionally use a coloring tablet that shows which areas have not been cleaned.

Electric toothbrushes make sense especially in old age
As a rule, dentists recommend brushes with soft to medium-hard, rounded bristles and short heads. These also make it easier to reach the back teeth.

Many experts believe that electric toothbrushes produce better results. Above all because the brush heads vibrate or rotate so that your own movements are supported and facilitated.

In addition, electric toothbrushes can make sense, especially when mobility is restricted, for example in old age.

However, children should learn the correct brushing technique with a manual toothbrush before switching to an electric toothbrush later.

Don't apply too much pressure

Too much pressure when brushing is discouraged, as this can damage the enamel.

For example, scrubbing can also damage the gums and the neck of the tooth, as this will rub away the hard tooth substance.

The pressure when cleaning should be 150 grams, you can try that by pressing a toothbrush on a kitchen scale.

If the toothbrush bristles are bent after four weeks, this is a sign of too much pressure. A toothbrush should normally be replaced about every three months.

Even after a cold, it is best to replace the brush so as not to become infected again.

It depends on the right technology

Experts recommend cleaning in the same order so that a routine is set and no area is forgotten. The so-called KAI technique is recommended.

This means that first the occlusal surfaces, then the outer surfaces and then the inside of the teeth are cleaned.

It is always cleaned from red (gums) to white (teeth). According to dentists, shaking and painting is particularly useful.

Sugar-free chewing gum and healthy eating

The fact that chewing gum can ensure healthy teeth is not because the sugar-free products remove dental plaque, but because it stimulates the flow of saliva.

Saliva has an antibacterial and cleaning effect and ensures that minerals, which are extracted from sugar or acids, for example, and which make the tooth more susceptible to tooth decay, are deposited again in the tooth enamel.

They should be chewed for about five to ten minutes after eating. Chewing gums are a good addition to dental care, but they don't replace brushing your teeth.

Dr. sees that too Stephan Ziegler, dentist and head of the KU64 dental practice in Berlin.

The doctor, who explained in an article by "Heilpraxisnet" about errors in dental and oral hygiene, said: "Basically, no other agent can replace the cleaning power of a toothbrush."

Proper nutrition also contributes to oral health. For example, carrots, mineral water and whole grains can help keep your teeth healthy. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: Why are people with periodontitis more at risk of diabetes, heart disease and death? (December 2022).